American Robin - Turdus migratorius

 American Robin

The American Robin is a familiar sight pulling up worms on suburban lawns. Although it's at home breeding in deep, mature forests, the robin is the most widespread thrush in North American thanks to a tolerance for human-modified habitats. 

Cool Facts


Sex Differences

Sexes look similar; female paler, especially on head.


Juvenile looks somewhat similar to adult, but has black spotting on underparts, pale spotting on upperparts, white throat, and paler head. 


Song a musical whistled phrase, "cheerily, cheer up, cheer up, cheerily, cheer up." Call note a sharp "chup." Also a very high-pitched thin whistling note

Listen to songs of this species:  American Robin #1  American Robin #2


Range Map

Summer Range

Breeds throughout most of North America, from Alaska and northern Canada southward to northern Florida and Mexico.

Winter Range

Winters mostly south of Canada to Florida and Gulf Coast, to central Mexico. Winters along Pacific Coast to southern Alaska.


  • Found in forests, woodlands, and gardens, especially where short-grass areas are interspersed with shrubs and trees.
  • Common in urban and suburban areas.


Invertebrates, especially earthworms, and fruit.



Forages primarily on the ground for soft-bodied invertebrates. Finds worms by sight, then pounces on them and pulls them up.


American Robin nest  American Robin Nest 

American Robin eggs American Robin Eggs

Nest Type

An open cup of grass and twigs held together with a thick layer of mud. Lined with fine dry grass. Nest is usually relatively low in a tree on a firm branch with dense foliage, but can be placed from ground to treetop.

Egg Description

Color: Robin's egg blue.

Size: 28.4 “30.3 mm x 20.5 “21.4mm.
(1.12-1.19 in x 0.81-0.84 in)

Incubation: 12-14 days.

Clutch Size

Usually 3-4 eggs. Range: 2-5.

Condition at Hatching

Helpless with some sparse down.
Chicks fledge in 13 days.

Conservation Status

Populations appear stable or increasing throughout its range. Because the robin forages largely on lawns, it is vulnerable to pesticide poisoning and can be an important indicator of chemical pollution. You can help scientists learn more about this species by participating in the Celebrate Urban Birds! project.

Other Names

Merle d'Amérique (French)
Mirlo primavera (Spanish)


Credits to Cornell College of Ornithology